Ulaanbaatar History

Ulaanbaatar city Mongolia

The Mongolian capital city, Ulaanbaatar, is a city with a history over year. When the Mongol Empire’s capital Kharakhorum was abandoned, Urguu city for the first religious leader of Mongols, Bogd Zanabazar, was founded in 1639 by the Khalkh nobility, assigning out some of their subordinate people as the Bogd’s disciples for establishing the Khuree city.

The first Bogd’s Urguu city was established firstly along the valleys of Orkhon, Selenge and Tuul rivers since 1778 and ceased moving from place to place to be settled down amidst the four mountains, Tuul river’s banks, Selbe river’s terraces, Bayanzurkh, Songinokhairkhan, and Chingeltei mountains. Since then, it began to be called the Ikh Khuree.

The Ikh Khuree of the Khalkh Mongols, apart from being primarily its religious center also turned into the country’s cultural state, economic and spiritual center. The capital city of Khuree of Bogd Khaan’s Mongolia set up as a result of the struggle for Mongolia ’s independence and national freedom, by the first Great State Khural held in 1924, was proclaimed as having the legal status of the capital city of the Mongolian People’s Republic and was renamed as Ulaanbaatar city.  The capital changed its location 29 times before setting in a present-day situation.

Ulaanbaatar area constituting 4,704 thousand square kilometers, with 9 districts and 115 khoroos (administrative unit).  The Capital city today produces 40 percent of the Gross Domestic Product, which can be broken down as 53,4 percent of industrial production, 87,1 percent of construction, 56,3 percent of trade, 80 percent of energy and 98 percent of transport and communication.

The city of Ulaanbaatar has established and maintains friendly relationships with many cities of the world, including Seoul, Florence, Moscow, and Denver. Among the world’s capital cities, Ulaanbaatar is notable as the capital city located at the highest altitude with the coldest climatic conditions.