The Top Remarkable Museums in Mongolia
There are currently over 40 museums in Mongolia (including provincial museums). Nine of them have "State" status ("National"). Many museums were renamed and new exhibits were produced after the democratic transition of the 1990s. However, you can find that some museums are currently in a very dire state.
The State History Museum, the Museum of Natural History, the Choyzhin Lama Monastery and the Bogd Khan Palace, and the Museum of Fine Arts are the most famous museums. Surprisingly, museums are common among Mongolian residents as well as foreign tourists. Organized groups of students can be seen very often. Children enjoy the nature museum and the State Historical Museum.
State Museum of the History of Mongolia in Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia's State National Historical Museum opened in 1971 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the People's Revolution. There are ten halls in the monumental building with the trumpeting rider on the facade that represent the country's past from the beginning to the present. Exhibits from the Paleolithic period can be found in the first two halls. They have archeological information about ancient tribes as well as extensive collections of finds from the Gobi Desert, including dinosaur fossils, petrified animals, and plants.
Religious artifacts from ancient cults that are popular in this area, as well as various household objects, firearms, and equipment, can be found in the following rooms. Folk musical instruments, exquisite jewelry, and traditional costume are featured in the following rooms. The final halls depict the Soviet era, revolution years, and modern times. You'll need about four hours of unhurried walking to explore all of the museum's floors.
Around 20 ethnic groups are represented in a special exhibition of clothing and accessories, coins and arms, and religious objects of worship. The yurt's tools, kitchenware, and musical instruments are also shown in the ethnographic section.
Dinosaur Museum in Ulaanbaatar
The museum building was constructed by Soviet builders in the early 1980s and became Mongolia's only museum. For his efforts, chief architect Louvsandor won a state decoration. The topic of establishing a museum dedicated to Genghis Khan in this building was debated in parliament in 2006. The museum building was given to the "dinosaur museum" after long legal battles.
They discovered roughly 20% of the world's ancient reptile remains on Mongolian soil.
Only American and Chinese scientists may compare the collection of dinosaur remains held by Ulaanbaatar's paleontological center.
Mongolian discoveries are unique in terms of diversity and, more importantly, preservation. This enables scientists to perform research on materials found in Mongolia with a high degree of reliability, which is critical for science.
The first discovery of fossil vertebrates is credited to Russian travelers and geologists, especially V.Obruchev, who discovered the first tooth of a tertiary rhino in Mongolia's Gobi deposits.
Palace of Bogd Khan in Ulaanbaatar
There is an unremarkable building among the trendy houses in the new Ulan Bator, where the last Khan of Mongolia, VIII Bogd Zhavzandamba, and Queen Dondogdulam wintered for 20 years. The Bogd Haan Palace Museum now has 8,124 interesting displays for tourists to enjoy. Portraits of all Mongolian Bogd Khaans from the 17th to the 20th centuries, a hat made of sandalwood leaves given to the first Bogd Khan Zanabazar by the fifth Dalai Lama, sculptures and paintings by Zanabazar himself, and other items are among them.
Bogd Khan's palace-residence is a significant architectural and artistic monument to Mongolian culture from the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries. The Hutugt, Mongolia's last emperor, designed this palace for the VIII Bogd Gegen Javdzandamba. The complex's building began in 1893 and was finished in 1903. At the same time as the palace was being built, first-class collections of Mongolian national painting, sculpture, and decorative and applied arts were being created, which became part of the interior decoration.
The Bogd Haan Museum is made up of two palaces, one summer and one winter, that are frequently visited by both international and domestic tourists.
Museum of Fine Arts named after Zanabadzar in Ulaanbaatar
The Museum of Fine Arts named after Zanabadzar was established in 1965, and the museum was renamed in his honor in 1985, on the 350th anniversary of Zanabadzar, an outstanding sculptor and creator of Mongolian portrait painting.
The museum is housed in a building that was constructed at the turn of the twentieth century and is one of Urga's first two-story Russian-style buildings. A Russian merchant founded it, but he did not live here for a long time. For several years, the structure "wandered" - it was once owned by a Chinese bank, then given to the Soviet military contingent's headquarters, a central store in the 1930s, and finally the Union of Craftsmen in the 1960s. The building was only moved to the newly founded Museum of Fine Arts in 1966.
The museum currently houses over 18 thousand exhibits. Permanent exhibits focus on Zanabadzar's life and work, early medieval sculpture, religious painting-tank, application, Mongolian-Tibetan printing, and other subjects. This is the world's largest collection of Mongolian art.
Museum of National Mongolian costumes in Ulaanbaatar
The National Mongolian Costume Museum is situated near Ulaanbaatar's central square. The costumes of different ethnic groups living in modern Mongolia, both modern and ancient, are shown. There are also decorations, household objects, religious articles, and Mongolian yurt decorations.
On July 23, 2005, the museum officially opened its doors. The museum's main aim was to show international visitors the full range of Mongolian national costumes and to remind young Mongolians of their people's ancient rituals and customs.
Mongolian national costumes have a long and illustrious heritage, as well as centuries-old artistic practices. It is inextricably linked to the Mongolian people's way of life, the specifics of their economic system, and the country's natural conditions. The costume should be appropriate for a variety of circumstances, such as riding a horse through the steppe, sitting in a yurt, or dancing at a national holiday. The character of clothing is also affected by climatic conditions, with costumes planned for different seasons emerging.
Gallery of Contemporary Art in Ulan Bator
In 1989, the Mongolian National Gallery of Modern Art was split from the Mongolian Museum of Fine Arts, and it started its own tradition of educating the public about Mongolian contemporary visual art.
The Mongolian National Gallery of Modern Art has established itself as one of Mongolia's leading art institutions, organizing national and international exhibitions since its inception. Every year, the gallery actively participates in the organisation of thematic or specialized exhibits of original works by national and international individual artists; it also participates in exhibitions abroad, exhibiting works of art from his own collection or Mongolian artists.