8 Reasons Why You Should Visit the Mongolian Altai Mountains

The Altai Tavan Bogd National Park, Mongolia's highest and westernmost area, is known for its 5 highest peaks and largest Potanin glacier, which are located at more than 4,000 metres above sea level.

Mongolian Altai Mountains

Thousands of ancient rock carvings, identified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, enigmatic stone men and burial mounds, and rare nomadic cultures of Kazakh and Tuva people are among the cultural and historical wonders of the park.

Beautiful secret lakes Khoton and Khurgan, the revered Shiveet Khairkhan Mountain, crystal clear rivers, and rare wildlife are also found here.

Traveling to Mongolia and visiting Altai Tavan Bogd National Park in western Mongolia can be a thrilling experience. If you visit Mongolia, you must visit this incredible culturally, historically, and naturally rich National Park.

Here are eight reasons to visit Mongolia's Altai Tavan Bogd National Park.

Mongolian Altai Mountains

Mongolia's Altai mountain range is the country's highest. Beginning in the Tavan Bogd /5 saints/ mountain range, one of the country's highest points, it ranges south-east and is made up of a series of ridges that are close together, with an average altitude of 3,000-3,500 metres.

Mt.Khuiten/4374m/ means "cold," and another mountain, Nairamdal, means "friendship," is located where the Russian, Chinese, and Mongolian borders meet. Malchin/Herder/, Burged/Eagle/, and Ulgii/ Land/ are the other peaks. The Altai Tavan Bogd National Park, which was created in 1996 and covers 6,362 square kilometres, is Mongolia's highest and most remote park.

Largest lakes in the Beautiful Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

Numerous beautiful lakes can be found in the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park. Khoton, Khurgan, and Dayan are the three main lakes. The lakes of Khoton and Khurgan are linked by a broad channel and surrounded by snow-capped mountains and stunning scenery.

Beautiful Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

In the centre of Khoton Lake, there is a wooded island, and the lake is also the source of the Khovd River, which drains the Altai Mountain. Several fish species can be found in these two lakes, some of which are only found in the western Mongolian basin. Many local nomads still live near the lakes, and you can meet them and learn about their culture.

Glaciers of The Park

In the Altai Tavan Bogd Mountains, there are more than ten glaciers, three of which can be seen on the way to the park. The largest glacier is Potanin, which is 14 kilometres long and named after Grigory Potanin, a Russian explorer who found it first. As with other glaciers around the world, the Potanin Glacier has shrunk in recent years. You can go for a walk on the glacier with an experienced local guide and enjoy the stunning peaceful scenery.

Rock carvings of Mongolian Altai Mountains 

The Mongolian Altai Mountains contain the most comprehensive and well-preserved visual record of human prehistoric representation, which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as "The Petroglyphic Complex of the Mongolian Altai."

Near Shiveet Khairkhan Mountain, there are around 10,000 petroglyphs and a number of ancient human statues/stone men/, which show us thousands of years of ancient tribal history and culture spanning the Neolith to Bronze ages. The meaning and expressiveness of this rock art may be a transition from ancient hunters, warriors, and societies to livestock breeding and the beginning of the classic nomadic lifestyle.

The Popular Standing Rocks and Stone Men

There are approximately 700 standing rock and stone men in the world, including more than 500 in Mongolia. A complex of Turkic stone men dating from the 6th to 8th centuries can be found near the Shiveet Khairkhan Mountain.

meet Kazakh and Tuva nomads.

The Altai Tavan Bogd National Park is located in western Mongolia, in an ethnically diverse area. People from Kazakhstan, Tuva, and Uriankhai have lived here for thousands of years while maintaining their nomadic heritages and lifestyles. Their religion and culture are also varied.

Tuva people have worshipped Shiveet Khairkhan Moutnain since their arrival in Mongolian Altai, which means they have been protecting this area, including its wildlife and historical/cultural heritage sites, for hundreds of years, allowing us to learn about our forefathers' way of life while also enjoying the beauty of nature.

Tuva people have worshipped Shiveet Khairkhan Moutnain since their arrival in Mongolian Altai, which means they have been protecting this area, including its wildlife and historical/cultural heritage sites, for hundreds of years, allowing us to learn about our forefathers' way of life while also enjoying the beauty of nature.

Eagle Hunters and The Golden Eagle Festival

Golden eagles can be found in Altai Tavan Bogd National Park. Hunting with golden eagles is one of Mongolian Kazakhs' most important practises. They start training their eagles when they are young and hunt with them in the winter. The Golden Eagle Festival is held in Bayan-Ulgii province in early October to promote Kazakh culture to the next generation and the rest of the world. You can see and appreciate unusual cultural events as well as have a great opportunity to take beautiful photographs at this fascinating festival.

Here you can see some of Batzaya Photography's most stunning golden eagle and eagle hunter portraits.

Fauna of The Altai National Park

Large mammals such as red deer, brown bears, grey wolves, foxes, and marmots live in the National Park. Snow lynx, Snow Leopard, Argali wild sheep, and spectacular birds such as golden eagles, Eurasian eagle owl, snowcock, and even falcon species are among the endangered species. Thousands of migratory birds, including the Eurasian spoonbill, relict, and six species of crane, gull, and Black Kite hawk, migrate through in the spring and fall. Mongolian Altai is one of the best fishing destinations in Mongolia, with Potanin Osman, Mongolian Grayling, and other fish species such as the popular Taimen and Lenok Trout found in the park's rivers and lakes.

Flowers Of The National Park

Many native and endangered plant species live in Mongolia's Altai Mountain ecoregion, including Rhodiola rosea, Juniperus communis, and Altai onion (Allum Altaicum pell), which are used for medicine and food by locals. Half of Siberia's flora can be found here. The park's flora has been poorly studied in general, making it a perfect choice for scientists.

Western Mongolia - Outdoor Activities and Beautiful Photographic Destination

Mongolia is a photographer's dream and an outdoor adventurer's paradise. If you're a photographer looking for a modern, exotic location to shoot, Mongolia's Altai Mountain is the place to go. Check out the best picture spots in Mongolia's western area. Hiking, climbing, trekking, camping, and horseback riding are all common activities in this breathtaking area. Desert steppe, thick woodland, peaceful meadows, crystal clear lakes, Mountain Rivers, and glacier and snow-capped mountain experiences are all waiting for you.

The Bottom Line

You can trek anywhere in the park, and the majority of visitors choose to walk or ride horses and camels. It's a great way to see the park's surroundings. Both local tour operators and families can hire horses and camels for riding and package carrying. Fishing is excellent within the park, with five different species, some of which are only found in the Western Mongolian Basin. Taimen, Lenok Trout, Osman, Grayling, and Pike can be found in the lakes and rivers. During the summer, fly fishing draws visitors from all over the world, while ice fishing is common among locals in the winter. From June 15 to April 15, you can fish inside the park.

Climb Mongolia's highest peaks. Climbing the Khuiten Peak requires world-class skills, while climbing the Malchin Peak is easier, so you can take in the view from Mongolia's roof.

One of the easiest ways to get a feel for the park's depths is to go horseback riding. Riding through the park's varied habitats like a local and visiting the park's highlights. There are more adventures in store for you that can't be described in words.