The Most Iconic Museums in Ulaanbaatar That Attracts Foreign Visitors
Mongolia currently has more than 40 museums (including provincial museums). Nine of them have been designated as "States" ("National"). Following the democratic transition of the 1990s, several museums were renamed and new exhibits were created.
The most iconic museums in Ulaanbaatar that attract foreign museums are listed below:
Museum of History and Reconstruction of Ulan Bator
The Ulan Bator History Museum is in Ulan Bator, Mongolia's capital city. It's near Bayanzurh. The history and reconstruction of Mongolia's capital are the focus of the museum. At the turn of the twentieth century, Buryat Tsogto Badmazhapov designed it for his own use.
In the years since, this structure has served as the Mongolian Communist Party's Central Committee meeting place, as well as the TNR Embassy and D. Sukhe-office.The museum, however, was first devoted to Sukhe Bator, and then to Choibalsan.
The first step toward the museum's current subject matter was taken only in 1956, when an exhibition devoted to the history of Ulan Bator was opened. The exhibition was made permanent in 1960, and the museum was re-qualified. Since 1970, the museum building has been designated as an architectural landmark of Mongolia at the turn of the twentieth century. The museum's collection includes historical, archaeological, and geological objects, as well as numerous documents, drawings and diagrams, books, photos, audio and video recordings, and several other exhibits devoted to Ulaanbaatar's history and current state.
Museum of the History of Railway Engineering in Ulaanbaatar
This is a small museum of 6 railway locomotives on display in an open area that once served on the Ulan Bator railway. The Soviet Union manufactured all locomotives (with the exception of the E-series locomotive produced in the United States by order of the USSR).
Mongolian Emperor VIII Bogd Zhavzandamba issued the first decree on the growth of the mining industry and the building of the railway to the Minister of the Great Khural and members of the Khural in 1915.
The Mongolian railway began with the construction of a 43-kilometer narrow-gauge railway from Ulaanbaatar to the mine at Nalaikh station in 1938.
The Mongolian Railway is now one of the country's most important branches, relying heavily on its operations for the country's economic growth.
The Mongolian Railway's operating technology was radically modified in the early years of 2005, which enhanced the road's efficiency and quantity indicators: railcar turnover was doubled, and average train weight increased.
Mongolian Military Museum in Ulaanbaatar
The Mongolian Troops Museum is dedicated to the Mongolian army's long and illustrious past. A large number of authentic historical records and rare exhibits have been preserved and stored, as well as research and educational work.
In 1996, the Mongolian Military Museum opened in Ulan Bator. Mongolia's Ministry of Defense is in charge of the museum. Approximately 8,000 objects relating to the history of the Mongol army are housed in the Mongolian Military Museum.
The Mongolian Military Museum is housed in its own building and features two large halls filled with exhibits about Mongolia's military formations, army organization, battles, and great generals. The exhibits range from the Stone Age to the present day.
The Mongolian Military History Museum has two viewing halls, A and B. The exhibits in hall A are related to Mongolia's ancient military history, while those in hall B are unforgettable exhibits from Mongolia's recent military history. Tanks, aircraft, and other military vehicles and weapons are examples.
Memorial House-Museum of Marshal of the Soviet Union G. K. Zhukov in Ulan Bator
Marshal of the Soviet Union's house-museum Mongolia's military museum has a branch called G. K. Zhukov. Japanese troops were defeated invading Mongolian territory, which had an allied treaty with the USSR, in 1939, under the leadership of Zhukov, in the region of the Khalkhin Gol River. Zhukov was awarded his first star of the Soviet Union for this operation, and the Mongols bestowed the title of Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic on him in 1969. It is understood that Zhukov, who possessed most of the world's military decorations, cherished this title because it reminded him of his military career's beginning.
The Georgy Zhukov Museum opened on August 19, 1979, after G. K. Zhukov had passed away.
The memorial complex's heart is a cozy one-story house in Ulan Bator's 15th micro district, where Zhukov's headquarters once stood. From October 1939 to May 1940, he lived with his family in this house after arriving from the Khalkhin Gol district of Ulan Bator. “Georgy Zhukov lived and worked in this house,” is carved in Mongolian and Russian on the marble slabs in front of the entrance. The years 1939-1940."
House of N. Roerich in Ulan Bator
The Roerich House-Museum in Ulaanbaatar is a complex of houses, including a restored house, where the Roerich family stayed during their Central Asian expedition in the winter of 1926-1927. The museum is located behind Otgontanger University in the Bayanzurkh district.
The Roerichs lived in Ulan Bator, the Mongolian People's Republic's capital, from September 1926 to March 1927.
The house-museum officially opened on July 6, 2009, Dalai Lama XIV's birthday. On the eve of the courtyard, an iron stupa made of recycled Soviet tanks was erected in front of the house-museum.
Theater Museum in Ulaanbaatar
The Mongolian Theater Museum is housed in the north wing of the Central Palace of Culture in Ulaanbaatar, just a few steps from Genghis Khan Square.
The museum first opened its doors in 1991. Visitors will learn about the history and creation of traditional Mongolian theater, puppet theater, opera, music, and circus art, as well as documentary and art cinema, at the museum's exposition. Theatre costumes and props, Tsam masks, musical instruments, posters, librettos, programs of plays and circus performances, old images, newspapers and magazines with reviews of premieres of performances, portraits and cinema cameras are among the museum's 9000 exhibits.
These cameras were used to shoot Mongolia's first films, as well as portraits and busts of well-known actors, poets, musicians, and other cultural figures.
Ravdja Dulduytin Danzanravzhaa, the famous Mongolian poet and playwright, founder of the Mongolian theater, and author of the translation of the classic Sanskrit play "The Life of the Moon Cuckoo," which became the country's first documented theatrical production, is honored in one of the museum's halls. The museum provides interesting excursions as well as educational programs for students and schoolchildren.
Wax Museum in Ulaanbaatar
In Ulaanbaatar, near the famous Mongolian cashmere factory GOBI, is the Museum of Wax Figures of Genghis Khan. The exhibition of Chingiskhan's Wax Figures, which opened in the Theater Museum's premises in 2014, marked the beginning of the museum. Genghis Khan, his mother Oulen-eh, his wife Burte, four sons - Ugedei, Juchi, Tolui, and Kulhan, as well as the great Mongolian generals Börci, Zeav, Zhamuhi, Mouhuu, and Zelme - were among the thirteen wax figures featured in the exhibition.
The wax figures were made by a large group of artists, sculptors, historians, designers, and jewelers; in addition to giving the sculptures the best possible external resemblance to historical figures, the smallest details of clothes, arms, armor, and jewelry were recreated. As a result, the image of Princess Burte, Genghis Khan's wife, was produced using her lifetime portrait from the Taiwan State Museum and Mongolia actor Agvaantserangiin Enkhtayvan, who played the founder of the Great Mongolian Empire in the film "Under the eternal sky."