Mongolia Wildlife and Some Rare Animals

Mongolia wildlife is the center of attraction for tourists and animal lovers. WWF has been working actively for several years to protect wildlife from illegal hunting. The conservation work is however still not much advanced. Many people plan Mongolia tours to witness rare animals or for hunting and fishing. The best time to visit Mongolia for wildlife sightseeing in between July to October.

There are hundreds of native inhabitants, whereas many birds and animals travel from far away to Mongolia. At some point you will feel that your Mongolia tour is like a picnic at a giant zoo, the only difference is here in Mongolia animals are free.

Whether your Mongolia tour is to explore deserts, mountains, steppes or Taiga forest, you can spot a large number of species everywhere. According to WWF official website, there are 450 species of birds, 139 species of mammals, 8 different types of amphibians, 22 kinds of reptiles and 76 varieties of fishes.

Here is a small list of few animals which are a special center of attraction for tourists in Mongolia

Mongolian Gazelle

Mongolian gazelle is a medium-sized antelope having a reddish-yellow coat that changes its color and becomes lighter during the winter season. The tail is a bit lighter in tone as compared to its body, and they have white patches or patches on rump which distinguish their race from ordinary gazelles around the world. Male antelopes of this breed have backward-curved horns whereas females either don’t have horns or have small signs of it over their forehead.

During your Mongolia tour across east and southeastern Mongolia, you can sightsee big herds in Sukhbaatar, Dornogobi, Dornod, umnugobi, Khentii, dundgobi Aimags, and tuv province.

Mongolia Snow Leopard

Snow leopards are in between medium and big sized cats. They do not roar but growl, yowl, mew, and prusten. Almost 22 % of the snow leopard population is hosted by Mongolia and the Himalayas are their home. Mongolia snow leopards have thick grey and yellow shaded and in imbued fur. Around their head, neck and lower limbs prominent rosettes can be seen. Their tail is furry, thick and long, and their paws are also very furry.

Plan a Mongolia tour to Gobi Altai, Mongol Altai, or Khangai and Khovsgol mountain ranges for snow leopards. You need trained professionals and proper safety gear to visit the areas where leopards are found. The best time to visit Mongolia for a snow leopard is between January to March.

Gobi Bear

 It is among large mammals and relatively small compared to bear families. Gobi bears are close to extinct. They have a brown furry coat and often have patches around their neck or chest of a light brown tone. Their claws are sharp and blunt. 

They hibernate in dens during winter so you might not see them during your visit to Mongolia from November to March. In other months you can see them searching for food in the daytime. One bear mother gives birth to a cub and then takes care of it for at least 2.5 years. During this period mother cubs don't get pregnant again, that is the main reason for their low population.

Your Mongolia tour can be filled with excitement as the Gobi bears are really cute just like teddies and they are shy so they do not attack until they feel danger. It is recommended to visit Mongolia Gobi areas with professionals and not to step out of your vehicle when you see a bear.

Gobi, Khangai and Altai Argali

Altai Argali is the largest sheep in the world and has extremely huge and heavy horns. The frontal edge of horns is corrugated and rounded and most times completes a full circle. They are brown and grey in color with tinged ramp patches around their belly. Unlike other sheep breeds, they do not have neck ruffs.

As compared to Altai argali, Gobi Argali is relatively smaller in size but still, they are huge as compared to normal sheep. Their upperparts are particolored in the yellowish-brown shade. The flank part and front of the thighs are usually darker and uniform and have no neck ruff.

Khangai Argali is in between Altai and Gobi Argali breeds when it comes to its size. They have light brown, light grey or white shaded coats.

During your Mongolia tour to Altai, Gobi or Khangai you can easily find their species roaming around the planes and mountains.

Other Rare Animals

The list of wild animals goes on and on for Mongolia. A three months Mongolia tour is usually recommended to animal explorers. You can also visit Mongolia for hunting but you need to complete documentation for it. Hunting passes are issued by Mongolian authorities with a complete guide of permitted and non-permitted animals. It is necessary for foreign hunters.

There are other amazing species as well some of which are mentioned here:

  • Mongolian Saiga
  • Siberian Ibex
  • Musk Deer
  • Bactrian Camel
  • Stone Martin
  • Pallas’ cat or Manul
  • Elk or Red Deer
  • Wild Boar
  • Marbled Polecat
  • Cinereous Vulture
  • Snowcock or Altain Snowcock
  • Lammergeyer
  • Spoonbills
  • Great Black-Headed Gulls
  • Dalmatian Pelican
  • Black Storks
  • Golden Eagle
  • Great White Egrets
  • Whooper Swans
  • The Swan Goose
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