Mongolia Tourism | History & Facts About Tourism in Mongolia
Despite being beautiful and safe why Mongolia is less visited by tourists as compared to other destinations? This question is asked very often by travelers who are interested in exploring new places.
The answer to this question is simple, due to government policies and less interest of the government towards tourism till 1990. But now the situation is different, the government policies and other elements are now in favor of tourism in Mongolia and the tourism business is rapidly increasing year after year.
Before you plan to visit Mongolia it is ideal to know a little about its tourism. So we have compiled some facts and figures related to tourism in Mongolia.
A Little About the Land of Mongolia:
The country`s name Mongolia is from Latin origin which means the "Land of the Mongols". The term Mongol has no specific meaning but most of the Mongolians believe it was given over the name of the mountain range present their.
The country is located in East Asia connecting China in the south and Russia in the north. Kazakhstan is only 37 kilometers away but doesn’t share a border with it. It is a landlocked country which means it's not connected to any ocean.
The land area is 1,564,116 square kilometers which makes it the 18th largest state and second-largest landlocked country in the world. Most of the land area is covered by grassy steppe and very small parts of the land area used for agriculture purposes.
From north to the west there are mountain ranges and the south is covered with the Gobi Desert.
As compared to land size the country is not much populated; the Mongols population is only around three million. Almost 45% of the population lives in Ulaanbaatar which is the capital and largest city of it.
Historical Formation Of Mongolia:
Various nomadic empires including the Xiongnu, Xianbei, Rouran, Turkic Khaganate have ruled in Mongolia. Genghis Khan established the Mongol Empire in 1206 and ruled for several years. Kublai Khan who was the grandson of Genghis Khan conquered China and established the Yuan Dynasty.
After the Yuan Dynasty fall, Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan ruled the country. During the 16th century, Tibetan Buddhism started to spread in Mongolia which played a role in establishing the Qing dynasty. After the collapse of the Qing Dynasty, the independence movement started in Mongolia and in the land was declared an independent state. But actual independence from China happened in 1921.
In 1924, the socialist government by the Mongolian People's Republic was founded. Later by 1989 anti-communist revolutions started which led to the 1990`s peaceful democratic revolution. In 1992 democratic system was officially introduced and on the basis of multiple party systems, a new constitution was set to control and manage the country affairs. This was the time when their market economy focused on over-tourism and new reforms started to establish in the country to promote tourism.
Ethnic Groups and Tourism in Mongolia:
Mongolia is known for its unique and genuine experience of nomadic lifestyle. Almost 30% of Mongolians are nomadic or semi-nomadic. The majority population in Mongolia are Buddhists. The second largest group is of the non-religious population and Kazakhs follow Islam as their religion. So they allow you to experience three different lifestyle patterns at once.
Secondly, some regions in Mongolia are very influenced by Chinese culture and food and some regions are more towards Russian culture. You will see a mix during your tour but one thing is common among all; they strictly stay connected with centuries-old Culture.
The majority of citizens belong to the Mongol ethnicity, next to them are Kazakhs and Tuvans minorities and very less population or other ethnic groups.
Another very attractive feature of Mongolia is the Horse culture. There are almost 3 million horses of the top breed, there are extremely beautiful and strong.
Facts about Tourism in Mongolia:
During the period of socialist government trade and tourism were very limited. People were relying only on livestock and internal trade. Tourists and traders were completely unaware of the scenic natural landscapes and the super exciting Mongolian culture.
During the period of the USSR collapse, Democratic Revolution gave the country a big boost and the traders started to see Mongolia as a trade and travel route to China, Russia, Kazakhstan and other countries nearby. The Revolutions of 1989 the Country became a completely sovereign and democratic state which caused allowed the people to safely travel to and from Mongolia.
Travel organizations in Mongolia are not very old, especially the private sector linked with Mongolia is very young. You can say tourism and travel organizations were developed a half-century ago whereas in Mongolia by the private sector developed almost 20 years ago. So most of the companies working were developed barely ten to fifteen years back.
According to statistical data of 2018, there are 403 registered travel companies which provide all kind of facilities to foreign visitors. For accommodation, the country has 320 hotels plus 647 resorts and tourist camps. These hotels and resorts include the most luxurious to cost-effective accommodation facilities.
You might think that tourism is catered by locals and might not offer you quality services but no this is not the reality. The employees working in tourism sectors including hotels, transportation facilities, ticketing, and Mongolia tourism companies hold at least a bachelor’s degree from 56 top-notch educational establishments. Moreover, Mongolia is an active member party of the United Nations World Tourism Organization.
So tourism in Mongolia is in experienced hands that’s why the quality and services promised to you are also served in Mongolia and in case of an odd situation, you can easily launch a complaint and get compensation.
Government Policies in Favor of Mongolia Tourism:
To elevate the graph of trade and tourism in Mongolia, the government offers special tax exemptions. The range of tax exemption is up to 10 percent of the total investment amount for the construction of high-rated hotels and tourist complexes.
Another favorable policy linked to business and tourism is the abolishment of Licenses for tourism business and all the services for expatriate visitors by agencies working for tours there are now exempt from VAT. There are no strict standards and regulations to start tourism activities in the country and no issues of dealing with bureaucracy for permissions and exercising control.
All these policies have tripled the revenue generated by agencies for Trips, vacation and now the number of visitors is multiplying every year. By 2000 the number of visitors was less than 15 thousand. Within ten years the number of visitors got tripled and in 2010 Mongolia hosted almost 45 thousand visitors. Last year, in 2018, 598 thousand people visited their.
Trip in Mongolia is well pattered to assure security and safety to all visitors. Ulaanbaatar, being the capital and biggest city receives all the visitors and tourism companies to arrange facilities to travel outside the city.
The previous tourism slogan by the Ministry of Culture, Sport, and Tourism of Mongolia was “Go Nomadic, Experience Mongolia.” In 2014 the official slogan was changed and now the new tourism in Mongolia slogan is “Mongolia - Nomadic by Nature.”
Tourism in Mongolia – Activities Offered:
You can explore the vast Mongolian-Manchurian grassland and Gobi desert. There are numerous mountains known for their beauty. The rivers and lakes offer a handful of adventures.
The activities offered by MongoliaTours include trekking, bird watching, climbing camel riding, horse riding, yak caravan, rafting, mountain cycling, and overland motorcycle tours. It revolves around ecology and wildlife mostly. Almost all tourism plans include Gobi Desert where you can see numerous native animal species. Tourism in Mongolia is incomplete without the Gobi desert which is also popular among tourists for fossilized dinosaur bones and eggs.
It also means meeting various animals and their best breeds. You can see native tigers, gazelles, snow leopards, argali, yak, Saiga antelopes, Mongolian wild ass, Przewalski's horse, Mongolian horse, Gobi bear, Altai snowcock, Steppe lemming, Tarbagan marmot, Pallas's pika, Relict gull, etc.
You can also go to museums to have a glimpse of past dynasties, royal lifestyle, centuries-old culture, remains of Genghis army, etc. Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan, National Museum, Central Museum, The Fine Arts Zanabazaar Museum, Mongolian National Modern Art Gallery, Mongolian Military Museum, Mongol Costumes Museum, Memorial Museum of Victims of Political Persecution, Kharakhorum Museum, Hunting Museum and many more are here to fascinate you.
FAQs about Mongolia tourism:
Are hotel reservations easy and cost-effective in Mongolia?
There are plenty of fine hotels and resorts in Mongolia which you can book online or on call. Through our website, you can connect to all top-notch as well as cost-effective accommodation facilities just on click. Booking through our website means you are linked with registered service providers only and in case of an odd situation you will get compensation.
Are the museums and festival entry free in Mongolia?
Most of the museums charge from zero to 5 dollars. The passes are not much expensive and it is not complicated to get your pass. Most of the museums and galleries have entry desk from where you can get your passes on spot. You can also book your passes in advance online through our website.
The festival celebrations are mostly for all public and free. Only mega-events have entry fees depending upon the nature of the event. The entry cost does not exceed 15 dollars in most cases.