All You Need to Know About Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape

Orkhan valley, situated in central Mongolia, is inscribed by UNESCO as the world cultural and heritage site, and its value, therefore, is of high historical importance. It is located in the west of Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital, around three hundred and twenty kilometers.

Orkhon valley mongolia

Spanning more than two millennia, Orkhan valley represents the nomadic traditions.

If you plan to visit Mongolia and learn more about nomadic culture, Orkhan Valley is the place to go. This valley, which is located in central Mongolia, covers an area of approximately 121,967 hectares.

The Kharkhorum, the capital of Genghis Khan's empire in the 13th and 14th centuries, is located in the valley. As far as knowledge goes, the place and the environment scream Mongol nomadic culture and tradition

Most breeders set up camp in the Orkhon valley because it has a vibrant flora and fauna, making it easy for their livestock to feed and grow healthy. Today, the Orkhon valley is known as a gigantic place of old and evolving nomadic traditions and a symbol of Mongolian culture. 

Furthermore, this is an excellent location for horseback riding and horseback trekking. With all of these fantastic features, this location proved to be an ideal location for exploring Mongolia's nomadic culture. This landscape is perfect for horseback riding if you have a passion and love for horses to fulfill your obsession. 

Steppe imperial power seat

The orkhan valley for many centuries was viewed as the steppe imperial power seat. Stone stele gives us the first evidence, with runic inscriptions. To the stele north, some twenty-five miles, in Ordu, a capital, it is located in the shadow of the sacred mountain, the forest mountain name is Otuken. For recording the Qidan potentate's deeds, reinscribed stele in 3 languages. During the valley dominations by Qidan.

A Significant Synthesis of the Location

Since nomadic Mongolians are the descendants of prehistoric culture, the valley is archeologically rich. They live in perfect harmony with the Orkhon valley and landscape. They adhere to policies that bind the region's specific social, religious, and economic policies. By bridging the divide between east and west, this location became a major crossroads for the country's developing civilization.

The Most Sacred Mountain

Otuken is considered to be the most sacred out of all the other mountains because of the ancestral khagan spirits and the residing bays. It is believed that a sacred force called QUT was present in the mountain, and rights and order to rule Turkic tribes were granted to the Khagans.

Otuken mountain

No matter who he was, the valley's controller was considered a sacred Turkish leader and had the right to rue the tribes. The orkhan valley's ruling was considered very important, and all the historically critical Turkic capitals were located here. All the houses by the banks have been gone.

The orkhan valley is culturally rich.

The orkhan valley is culturally rich and has many sites to visit. Tourists and archaeologists consider it as a very culturally rich site. It is visited by many and is part of many documentaries worldwide. 

The Mongols consider it to be one of the most important sites. Apart from its sacred importance, many monuments present on the site visit, from temples, palaces, monasteries to Orkhon inscriptions. And many of the historical sites are also present, which were destroyed by the communists.

And still, bear the significant importance of heritage and culture. The Mongols being nomadic tribes, are known for preserving these sites. The practices and the sites are preserved by the Mongolian families and are very much glorified and valued. 

The Beauty of the Place

The slender Orkhon River flows peacefully through the region, but it is barely visible due to the flush leveled with the plains. Around the waterfall, you'll practically feel your lungs drawing in the pure, fresh air; the valley seems surreal, with green splashes combined with beige and maroon scattered throughout the landscape. Small white is spread across the valley in distinct areas, where the nomads call home, amid all these scenic beauties.

Monuments of the Orkhan valley

the Mongols consider Genghis Khan a respectable figure, so cultural practices are passed down from families of families. And the sites and monuments are too very well protected.

The orkhan valley's Monuments are as follows, which are considered a must-visit for any visitors.

  • Russian archaeologists discovered it in eighteen hundred and eighty-one. The most important is the Gok Turk empire, a monument called the bilge khan and Kul tigen khan memorial.
  • Ordu bliq ruins are known as kharbalgas. Uyghur empire was the capital of the 8th century. Covering fifty square kilometers contain shops, palaces, monasteries, and temples. 
  • Mongolian capital, the Karakorum ruins, having the farmed palace of Xanadu. Destroyed from 1937 to 1940 by the communist, the first Buddhist monastery is also a part called the erdene Suu monastery. The remains of this monastery are also of high cultural value.
  • Another almost destroyed monastery is the tuvkhun hermitage monastery/
  • Another doit hill palace of the 13th and 14th century Mongol also remains there. They are considered to be the residence of Ogedei Khan.
  • The great waterfall of Ulaan tsutgalan is also present there, which is around 10m wider and 20m higher.

Orkhan Culture Maintains Authenticity

When it comes to culture and landscape, the inhabitants of the Orkhon Valley are genuine. They have continued to observe Mongolian customs and pastoral nomadism. 

Individuals are responsible for maintaining honesty, which remains their highest priority. The property has been under strict protection and management for the past few years.